PRP-therapy is a multifunctional technique that is used in various fields of medicine, such as dermatocosmetology, dentistry, gynecology, and surgery. Plasmolifting is widely used in orthopedics and traumatology. The popularity of the technology is due to its high efficiency, as well as, importantly, safety. It is an injection of the patient’s own plasma, and a positive therapeutic effect is achieved by activating the body’s internal reserves.
PRP-therapy in traumatology and orthopedics
Plasma PRP injections have proven themselves in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Using this minimally invasive technique, the inflammation of muscles and tendons is quickly removed, mobility in the joints and spine is restored, and the analgesic effect is achieved with bruises, fractures and sprains. That is why the procedure of autoplasmic therapy has found application in professional sports.
However, it is also used for age-related deformation of the knee, hip, shoulder joints, in the postoperative period, for the treatment of household injuries, chronic diseases of the locomotor and associated nervous systems.
How does PRP therapy work?
The principle of operation of Platelet Rich Plasma therapy, the acronym stands for “platelet-rich plasma”, is based on the stimulating and regenerating functions of platelets.
Platelets, in addition to the well-known function of blood coagulability, also act as fibroblast activators: cells responsible for the production of elastin and collagen proteins. With their help, accelerated regeneration of various body tissues, including cartilage and bone, occurs.
How to get platelet-rich blood
A test tube with venous blood taken from a patient immediately before the PRP-therapy procedure is placed in a special apparatus (centrifuge) (from 20 to 60 ml, the amount depends on the stage of the disease). In a special mode of operation of the centrifuge, platelet autoplasma is obtained, that is, a plasma enriched in platelets. Then it is drawn into a syringe and injected directly to the affected area. Depending on the pathology, it can be either a joint or a muscle.
Indications for PRP therapy
In orthopedics, traumatology and neurology, the procedure has proven itself in the treatment of a wide range of diseases. Plasmolifting gives excellent results in the treatment of joints, for example, PRP therapy of the knee joint is in demand. In the cartilaginous tissue of the human body there are no capillaries, therefore, blood flow, which is responsible for the ability to regenerate. The joints are saturated with nutrients in the synovial fluid located in them. But she is not able to cope with pathological processes, therefore, plasma injections into the knee and other joints are widely used. Then platelets effectively contribute to the restoration of cartilage.
When PRP therapy is used:
- with arthrosis and arthritis;
- with osteochondrosis;
- with myofascial syndrome;
- with tendonitis;
- with plantar fasciitis and osteophyte;
- with bursitis;
- with periarthritis;
- during rehabilitation after injuries and operations;
- with ruptures of ligaments and muscles, etc.
The therapeutic effect of PRP therapy
The therapeutic effect of the procedure can be felt already the first time, with each subsequent time it only intensifies. It is clinically proven that the course of PRP-therapy reduces the recovery period by 2-3 times, since the regenerative mechanisms that are launched in the body at the cellular level increase local immunity. Reviews of patients who used plasma injections in the joints, and also used them in the treatment of other diseases of the musculoskeletal system, speak for themselves.
Course of procedures:
- restores joint mobility;
- relieves pain and neutralizes inflammatory processes;
- accelerates the process of tissue regeneration after injuries and surgery;
- eliminates muscle cramps;
- when it is used, the number of drugs is reduced.
How to prepare for the PRP-therapy procedure
The region into which the plasma will be introduced does not require any special preparation. Sometimes it can be anesthetized with anesthesia before starting the procedure. However, the patient must perform a series of preparatory procedures that relate to blood sampling. First of all, he must follow a diet and one day before PRP-therapy, refuse to drink alcohol, as well as fried, spicy, fatty foods. For 5-7 days, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs must be abandoned. Also, during preparation, you need to drink plenty of fluids. The procedure itself is performed on an empty stomach.
How does the PRP procedure go
A syringe with a thin needle is injected directly into the affected area. For example, with plasmotherapy of a joint, an injection is made into its cavity. Upon completion, the patient is asked to bend and straighten the joint several times so that the introduced material is more evenly distributed. The whole procedure, together with blood manipulations, lasts 15-30 minutes on average. Immediately after the PRP procedure, a gentle regime of physical activity is prescribed: it is necessary to abandon long walks, cycling, weight lifting exercises, etc. Usually the course is designed for 3-5 procedures.
Side effects and contraindications
For all its safety, autoplasotherapy has a number of contraindications, as well as possible side effects. The latter include the formation of abrasions and bruises. However, compared with other therapeutic methods, plasmolifting has a negligible amount of contraindications. So, this therapy does not cause allergic reactions and rejection of the introduced biomaterial.
Contraindications to PRP therapy include:
- poor blood clotting, low platelet count and hemoglobin;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- severe forms of diabetes, diseases of internal organs;
- malignant tumors; chronic infectious diseases;
- acute mental disorders.
Therefore, before starting the course, it is necessary to pass additional tests in order to exclude complications against the background of contraindications. Exacerbations are also possible after the procedures, but there is nothing wrong with that. An acute reaction suggests that the body is responding to treatment, so it is important not to quit the procedure.
Features of the procedure in IVR
Autoplasmotherapy is gaining popularity every year due to its high efficiency. At the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation, this technique is widely used for accelerated recovery of patients. Our facility is equipped with high-speed centrifuges that induce plasma with a 90 percent platelet count. Such concentration is the key to a guaranteed therapeutic effect and well-being of the patient. To speed up the healing process, IVR clinic doctors combine growth factor injections with other medical procedures, such as massages, magnetic laser therapy, etc.
The price of PRP joint therapy in Kiev is acceptable. You can learn more about the cost of the course and its duration by visiting one of the IVR branches.