Osteochondrosis is a disease that affects the tissues of the spine and intervertebral discs.

In the main risk group are people older than 40 years, although the first signs of the disease can occur even in adolescence.

Interestingly, people who lead a sedentary lifestyle, and those who expose themselves to excessive physical exertion, are equally affected. Also, stronger than others, are susceptible to osteochondrosis women who wear uncomfortable shoes, high heels; people with excess weight; smokers.

Causes and Symptoms of Osteochondrosis

What are the stages of the onset of the disease, and how do we treat osteochondrosis at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation?

Osteochondrosis develops gradually, in several stages.

At the first stage, there is a violation of blood circulation and, as a consequence, a metabolic disorder, as a result of water loss, the intervertebral discs lose their strength and flexibility.

For the treatment of osteochondrosis at this stage, we often use physical therapy and a course of therapeutic massage.

Also, based on the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation, the Center for Strengthening the Spine and Joints successfully operates, where it is possible to undergo a course of treatment with movement on David's medical simulators.

The nutrition and elasticity of the intervertebral discs improves significantly during movement. For complete recovery from the patient, a systemic lifestyle change, proper nutrition,

In the second stage of the disease, the intervertebral discs are deformed, which decreases the distance between the vertebrae.

In the third stage, cracks form in the fibrous ring of the disc (the outer shell of the intervertebral disc) or, in other words, the part of the intervertebral disc protrudes, the so-called protrusion.

The most effective method of treatment at this stage is therapeutic massage in combination with manual therapy. In some cases, physiotherapy can also be used.

 At the last stage of the development of the disease, osteochondrosis can lead to curvature of the spine and restriction of mobility.

What is the complex treatment of osteochondrosis?

In four cases out of five, recovery can be achieved by correcting the spine and physiotherapy. Otherwise, you can not do without surgical intervention.

For a comprehensive assessment of the patient's condition, a neurological examination of the patient with osteochondrosis is mandatory. Due to the neurological consultation, it is possible to clarify the localization and extent of motor and sensory disorders.

At the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation, an experienced doctor will select for you an individual program of treatment depending on the stage of the disease and the general condition.

Types of osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis and its treatment can affect different parts of the spine: cervical, lumbosacral, thoracic and in more rare cases - several departments at once.

Cervical osteochondrosis is characterized by stress, as well as a tingling sensation in the muscles of the neck. Pain can also be of a shooting nature, given in the back of the neck, shoulder blades, hands.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical region is one of the causes of headaches and insomnia and can even cause numbness of the tongue.

Chest osteochondrosis is characterized by sharp short-term pains in the chest, compressive sensations, and intercostal pain.

Lumbar osteochondrosis causes pain in the lower back and lower spine, which can give to the feet, including causing loss of sensitivity or chills in the legs. This disease can cause abnormalities in the work of the abdominal organs, the genitourinary system, and inflammation of the sciatic nerve.

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