Typically, knee ligament injuries appear when one or several ligaments are torn or hyperextended. Most commonly, it happens as a result of unnatural knee joint movements or ligamentous weakness which overload the patella.
Sudden turns of the upper part of the body or the hips and unchanging position of the supporting lower leg can be the causes of injuries of the cruciate ligamentі. Football, basketball, hockey, skiing, and weightlifting are often fraught with intraarticular injuries with involvement of ligaments, cartilage, and bones.
Usually, tension of collateral (fibular and tibial) ligaments occurs as a result of excessive rotation of the lower leg during falls or twists and can be accompanied with ruptures of the cruciate ligament and the meniscus.
Knee ligament injury symptoms
Sudden and severe pain at rest and on movement;
Instability and unnatural movements in the joint;
Soft tissue swelling around the joint; and
Painful crepitus on movement.
Treatment of knee ligament injuries at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation
Conservative treatment would be sufficient when there are no ligament ruptures. It is necessary to consult a doctor; the doctor will prescribe additional examinations (MRI or multi-view X-ray), if necessary. After diagnosis and in the absence of significant intra-articular injuries, the doctor prescribes an individual treatment course, which may include both therapeutic blockades for pain management and physical therapy for relief of inflammation and regeneration of periarticular tissues, and therapeutic massage therapy during mild periods.
During mild periods, 3-4 weeks after the injury, it is important to train strength and condition the thigh and lower leg muscles in order to restore the regular mobility, as well as put mild controlled loads on the muscles and ligaments supporting the knee.
In order to tone the muscles around the joint, we use specialized David medical training stimulators, providing therapeutic computer-controlled loads. Training can be quite intensive so that the patients are able go back to the regular life as soon as possible, yet safeenough, since the joints are fixed at proper angles during exercise with the special motion stoppers.