Protrusion is the bulging of the intervertebral disc wall without tears in the fibrous ring of the disc. Protrusion is the incipient stage of intervertebral disc herniation and can develop symptom-free until compression of the nerve root. After such incarceration, back pains accompany protrusion.

Doctors at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation recommend timely treatment of protrusion, since it is possible to cure bulging of the intervertebral disc wall in the early stages without surgical interventions.

Protrusion areas and symptoms

Protrusion is most common in the lumbar spine. Bulging of the intervertebral disc wall in the cervical and thoracic spine is rare. 

Regardless of the location of the disc abnormality between the vertebrae, there are certain symptoms indicative of protrusions:

  • Various types of body aches. For example, headaches are typical for cervical spine protrusions.
  • Chronic or acute back pains.
  • Stiffness and compression in the lower back.
  • Burning sensation, lumbago in the spine.
  • Loss of sensitivity in the feet or arms, fingers or toes. It may manifest as numbness, tingling, rigor in arms or feet.
  • Pain spreading from the spine to the arms or legs.
  • Muscle weakness accompanied by the loss of muscle strength in the arms or legs.
  • Loss of flexibility and mobility of muscles in the body.

Protrusion treatment options at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation

The Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation uses non-surgical methods for treatment of protrusions. Our professionals develop individual treatment courses for every patient, depending on location and stage of intervertebral disc abnormalities.

The treatment course leads to elimination of the nerve root compression, restoration of the spine and joints, improvement of sensitivity in the affected area, as well as restoration of strength and elasticity of the muscles.

The course of non-surgical treatment includes 5-10 sessions and begins with elimination of pain syndrome. Our doctors recommend continuous sessions without breaks between them. Generally, the patients notice resolution of the main symptoms of protrusions and relief of acute pain after 1-2 sessions of non-surgical treatment.

During the course of sessions, professionals at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation use the following complex of methods for treatment of protrusions:

  • Physiotherapy (electrotherapy, magnetic therapy, laser therapy, therapeutic massage).
  • Spinal traction with decompression devices. This treatment helps with alignment of the discs in proper places and, thus, eliminates compression of the nerve endings.
  • Pharmaceutical treatment. In protrusion treatment certain medications help relieve pain, swelling and inflammation in the affected tissues.
  • Kinesiotherapy at the Center for Spine  and Joint Strengthening. Based on individual programs, the patients perform complexes of exercise on the David professional medical training stimulators. The routine helps strengthen the back muscles, as well as improve function of the organs and body systems during and after the protrusion treatment. Training sessions at the Center for Spine Strengthening and Joint Rehabilitationare held under the supervision of our experienced rehabilitation professionals.
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