Scoliosis and scoliotic posture

IVRDiseases and conditionsScoliosis and scoliotic posture

Scoliotic posture is a lateral curvature of the spine in any single spine area (chest or lower back) without structural changes in the vertebrae and discs. If you do not get timely medical advice, the scoliosis posture can progress to scoliosis.

Differences between scoliosis and scoliotic posture

In case of a scoliotic posture, the spine curvature is caused mainly by the weakness or overstrains of deep muscles that support the spine and temporarily disappears if you stand straight or lie down on a hard flat surface. The scoliotic posture is characterized by a single spinal curvature in the frontal plane and an asymmetric shoulder position.

Scoliosis is characterized by steady curvature in one or more planes, which do not disappear when you draw your back straight. An important difference between the scoliotic postures is also a fact that pelvic bones are arranged asymmetrically with scoliosis.

Types of scoliosis

  • Chest or thoracic scoliosis is characterized by the curvature of the thoracic spine area.
  • Thoracolumbar scoliosis is characterized by curvature at the junction of the thoracic and lumbar spine areas.
  • Lumbar scoliosis is characterized by curvature in the lumbar spine area.

Degrees of scoliosis

1st degree scoliosis is characterized by the asymmetric pelvic bones, shoulders and an inclined posture as well.

2nd degrees scoliosis is characterized by torsion (vertebral rotation around the vertical axis), pelvic prolapse at the side of the curvature and the curvature angle is fixed at 10-20 degrees.

3rd degree scoliosis is characterized by the presence of signs of previous degrees of scoliosis, the weakening of the abdominal muscles, heaving front costal arches and when the curvature angle reaches 20-40 degrees.

4th degree scoliosis of the spine has a severe deformation and the presence of a rib hump; when an X-ray image shows a curvature angle of more than 40 degrees.

What are the causes of scoliosis?

Most often, scoliosis develops in youth and adolescence. It is related to the period of active growth, when children and adolescents rapidly develop their musculoskeletal system and their muscles often do not “keep pace” with them. The spine is flexible, but weak muscles do not support it and various curvature postures develop.

If you miss the onset of the disease, scoliosis will progress and in adulthood the spine is already strongly curved. The congenital deformity of the spine, consequences of the musculoskeletal system disorders, a sedentary lifestyle, complications after surgery, etc. can be also the causes of scoliosis.

The good news is that in most cases a mild degree of scoliosis can be cured. But it requires strong personal motivation and a desire to recover, because the treatment requires systemic exercises for the muscle corset that supports the spine.

How scoliosis is treated at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation?

Our doctors will make a spinal diagnosis during the primary consultation and if necessary will conduct a computerized testing of the muscular corset using medical David simulators and will prescribe the treatment developed especially for a patient’s individual needs and capabilities.

Massage therapy improves the blood circulation of soft tissue and works out the deep muscles that support the spine. Magnetic therapy removes the interstitial effect and electrotherapy improves the tone of weakened muscles, which make up the natural muscular corset of the spine.

And, most importantly, at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation we apply the Finnish and German David method, which strengthens the muscular system and improves blood circulation and metabolism. For the treatment of scoliosis, medical David simulators are unique because they can provide different weight for different sides of the body to correct muscle imbalance.

But full recovery will require a change of lifestyle and more physical movement, for example, swimming and therapeutic exercises

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