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Scoliosis

Scoliotic posture is a lateral curvature of the spine in any single spine area (chest or lower back) without structural changes in the vertebrae and discs. If you do not get timely medical advice, the scoliosis posture can progress to scoliosis.

Differences between scoliosis and scoliotic posture

In case of a scoliotic posture, the spine curvature is caused mainly by the weakness or overstrains of deep muscles that support the spine and temporarily disappears if you stand straight or lie down on a hard flat surface. The scoliotic posture is characterized by a single spinal curvature in the frontal plane and an asymmetric shoulder position.

Scoliosis is characterized by steady curvature in one or more planes, which do not disappear when you draw your back straight. An important difference between the scoliotic postures is also a fact that pelvic bones are arranged asymmetrically with scoliosis.

Types of scoliosis

  • Chest or thoracic scoliosis is characterized by the curvature of the thoracic spine area.
  • Thoracolumbar scoliosis is characterized by curvature at the junction of the thoracic and lumbar spine areas.
  • Lumbar scoliosis is characterized by curvature in the lumbar spine area.

Degrees of scoliosis

1st degree scoliosis is characterized by the asymmetric pelvic bones, shoulders and an inclined posture as well.

2nd degrees scoliosis is characterized by torsion (vertebral rotation around the vertical axis), pelvic prolapse at the side of the curvature and the curvature angle is fixed at 10-20 degrees.

3rd degree scoliosis is characterized by the presence of signs of previous degrees of scoliosis, the weakening of the abdominal muscles, heaving front costal arches and when the curvature angle reaches 20-40 degrees.

4th degree scoliosis of the spine has a severe deformation and the presence of a rib hump; when an X-ray image shows a curvature angle of more than 40 degrees.

What are the causes of scoliosis?

Most often, scoliosis develops in youth and adolescence. It is related to the period of active growth, when children and adolescents rapidly develop their musculoskeletal system and their muscles often do not “keep pace” with them. The spine is flexible, but weak muscles do not support it and various curvature postures develop.

If you miss the onset of the disease, scoliosis will progress and in adulthood the spine is already strongly curved. The congenital deformity of the spine, consequences of the musculoskeletal system disorders, a sedentary lifestyle, complications after surgery, etc. can be also the causes of scoliosis.

The good news is that in most cases a mild degree of scoliosis can be cured. But it requires strong personal motivation and a desire to recover, because the treatment requires systemic exercises for the muscle corset that supports the spine.

How scoliosis is treated at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation?

In order to prevent progression of scoliotic posture into scoliosis and progression of scoliosis into severe spinal deformities, professionals at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation recommend seeking medical assistance at the earliest stages of asymmetry in the vertebral column.

Treatment of spinal curvatures at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation starts with complex diagnostics, whereupon our experts develop special scoliosis treatment course for personal needs of every patient. The treatment course includes therapeutic massage, magnetic therapy and electrotherapy.

In order to consolidate the results of treatment for a long time, doctors at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation develop individual physical therapy courses for all patients using David professional medical training stimulators. Scoliosis is a common medical condition with uneven development of musculature on the sides of the spine, resulting in muscular disability to support the spine in its normal position. Therefore, physical exercises aimed at correction of imbalance are the primary method of treatment for the 1stdegree and 2nd degree scoliosis.

Treatment begins with computer imaging, which clearly shows asymmetrically developed muscles; then doctors and rehabilitation professionals develop treatment programs for correction of the imbalance in the musculoskeletal system and strengthen the “corset muscles” of the spine.

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